The Inspiring Scientist – Satyendranath Bose
We all know about Einstein and his contributions to science. Ever wondered, do we have someone of such calibre among Indians. Well, there are many. But one man proved it beyond doubt – Satyendranath Bose. And the most awesome thing is that his birth anniversary falls on Jan 1st and every one of us celebrate it. From now on let’s celebrate for a reason. This makes the day more auspicious for us. His birth itself was filled with a lot of enthusiasm to start the life with new spirits. His achievements should inspire us in setting new year resolutions.
Few Words About His Works:
- A Bose–Einstein condensate is a new state of matter discovered by Bose and Einstein and hence named after them. This state was first predicted, generally, in 1924–25 by Satyendra Nath Bose and Albert Einstein. Remember, those were the days, we are ruled by someone who never gave us some resources to encourage research.
- In quantum statistics, Bose–Einstein statistics predicts about the place of a particular electron in an atom. It also explains various key concepts in chemistry.
- In physics, Bose–Einstein correlations are correlations between identical bosons. They have important applications in astronomy, optics, particle and nuclear physics.
- In quantum mechanics, a Boson is a particle that follows Bose-Einstein Statistics. Bosons make up one of the two classes of particles, the other being fermions. The name Boson was coined by Paul Dirac as a contribution for his great work along with Einstein. The entire universe is made up of only two types of particles – ‘Bosons and Fermions’. We, Indians should be proud of it for on of it is named after an Indian.
There are many other works that created new paths for other researchers and were a source of inspiration.
SATYENDRA NATH BOSE IN A BRIEF:
The Bengal born Bose (1 January 1894 – 4 February 1974) was an Indian physicist specialising in “Theoretical Physics”. He was awarded the India’s second highest civilian award, the Padma Vibhushan in 1954 from the Indian Government for his extensive services in this country. He was a versatile genius holding his interest over varied subjects like physics, mathematics, chemistry, biology, mineralogy, philosophy, arts, literature, and music. He was a self-taught brainiac and a polymath. Bose was a well-known polyglot. He was well versed in several languages such as Bengali, English, French, German and Sanskrit as well as the poetry of Lord Tennyson, Rabindranath Tagore and Kalidasa. He was an Einstein influenced personality and also had his hand equally on many works done by Einstein.
The growth of Bose:
Bose was born in Kolkata on 1st January 1894. His father, Surendranath Bose, worked in the Engineering Department of the East Indian Railway Company. Bose was the eldest of all 7 children of Surendranath Bose. His schooling began at the age of five at his home. When his family moved to Goabagan, he was admitted to the New Indian School. In the final year of school, he was admitted to the Hindu School. He passed his entrance examination (matriculation) in 1909 and stood fifth in the order of merit. He next joined the intermediate science course at the Presidency College, Calcutta, where he was taught by illustrious teachers such as Jagadish Chandra Bose, Sarada Prasanna Das, and Prafulla Chandra Ray. Bose chose mixed (applied) mathematics for his BSc and MSc and always stood first in his studies. It is said that his marks in the MSc examination created a new record in the University of Calcutta, which is yet to be surpassed.
The Positive India decided to celebrate the new year beginning as birth anniversary of Satyandrenath Bose, Einstein of India. This article is a tribute to forgotten Indian glory !!