Environment has been projected to a lot of pollution to the various human and natural activities. With the increase in technology and human settlements there has been a rapid upsurge in the level where the environment is put at stake. What if we get a housing model which not only gives us a comfortable lifestyle but also protect the biosphere? Yes, such a concept has made its way into the country in the name of Green Buildings.
Now what is a green building? It is a form of building development project which ensures all kinds of comfort causing the minimum amount of environmental degradation and lessening the unnecessary utilisation of energy. They also ensure conservation of the natural resources which is otherwise wasted. Although these buildings are energy efficient the major drawback lies in the financial investment. These houses manufacture involves lowering energy consumption through installation of solar panels, attachment of thatched roof for natural cooling and conditioning, reutilising the thermal energy and so on.
What is a green building?
A green building is one which uses less water, optimizes energy efficiency, conserves natural resources, generates less waste and provides healthier spaces for occupants, as compared to a conventional building. A building is assessed based on its predicted performance over its entire lifecycle. The stages identified for evaluation are:
Pre-construction: Intra- and inter-site issues like proximity to public transport, type of soil, kind of land, location, flora and fauna before construction activity starts, natural landscape and features.
Planning and construction: Issues of resource conservation and reduction in resource demand, resource utilization efficiency and recovery, reuse, and provisions for occupant health and well-being. Prime resources considered are land, water, energy, air and green cover.
Operation and maintenance: Of building systems and processes, monitoring and recording of energy consumption, occupants’ health and well-being and issues that affect the global and local environment.
Confederation of Real Estate Developer’s Association in India has associated themselves with this concept of promoting the much acclaimed green buildings. Similarly The Bureau of Energy Efficiency in India has made a code to grade the buildings in accordance with the structure and energy consumptions technique they have undertaken within a range of 1000 square metres. The LEED ranks are the prestigious grades awarded to the building who comply the maximum with the process to limit energy utilisation.
However, here are some means through which green houses in India tries to promote their motto of maintaining a balance in ecosystem.
Turbo Energy Limited Building in India- This building in the city of Chennai has adopted the means to utilise solar energy for conditioning their buildings. They have engaged in conversion of solar energy to electrical energy in order to ensure air conditioning within the building at minimum loss of non-renewable energy.
Aqualmall Water solutions: This centre in Dehradun uses an innovative measure for their interior cooling purposes. The structured air tunnel helps air to enter it where they are cooled and supplied to the interior through geothermal process of cooling.
RMZ Ecospace- This venture in Kolkata has ensured the process of the method called district cooling. They utilise the wasted heat from the summers which in turn helps in generating power for the absorption generators used in cooling. They have been successful to cut down a lot of electric power consumptions through installations of this eco-friendly technique.
Even though, these are business ventures, Bangalore, Mumbai has adopted this endeavour as a part of their residential plans. These states has initiated the housing projects maintaining the conservation and reuse in each of the buildings. The average waste production has seen a decrease following this new mode of planning and architecture. The buildings ensure that there is maximum utilization and re-utilization of the energy supplied. This will ensure that the 3-R’s (reduce, recycle, reuse) are involved with its full potential.
This urges the entire nation to step forward for a country with maximum construction of green buildings. This will not only promote greenery but also will help in sustainable use of the resources and healthy environment for the future generations.